An Overview of Vacuum Dewatered Flooring
A vacuum is used in the building process of vacuum-dewatered flooring, sometimes referred to as vacuum-assisted flooring or tremix concrete flooring, to remove extra water and air from the concrete mixture before the concrete is laid and finished. This procedure can provide a concrete floor that is more robust, uniform, and smoother on the surface.
A layer of concrete is normally poured onto a ready base, and then the extra water and air are removed from the mixture using a vacuum pump. It can be carried out manually with a portable Hoover pump or mechanically using a device made especially for this task. Once fully cured, the finished floor is often level, smooth, and ready for use.
Procedure of VDF Flooring
To increase the surface density and wear resistance of concrete floors, a procedure known as vacuum dewatered flooring, commonly referred to as “dry shake” floor hardener, is utilised. It entails putting a dry, powdered hardener on the surface of freshly laid and finished concrete before using a Hoover to remove extra material and water from the surface.
Here is how to apply vacuum-dewatered flooring by following these simple steps:
- Prepare the concrete surface: Make sure the concrete is properly laid and finished with a smooth, level surface to prepare the concrete surface. Squeegee or sweep away any extra water from the surface.
- Mix the floor hardener: The floor hardener should be mixed according to the manufacturer’s recommendations. The dry powder is often mixed with water and added to make a slurry.
- Application of the floor hardener: Using a shovel or spreader, uniformly distribute the floor hardener across the concrete’s surface.
- Vibrate the surface: To compact the floor hardener and guarantee adequate coverage and penetration into the concrete, use a vibrating screed or hand-held vibrator.
- Wet/dry vacuum: To remove extra water and hardener from the concrete’s surface, use this method. It guarantees that the hardener is distributed evenly and helps prevent ponding.
- Cure the surface: Before walking on or utilising the concrete for any other purpose, allow the concrete to cure following the manufacturer’s instructions. Usually, it entails keeping the surface damp and covered for a while.
- Finish the surface: Once the concrete has dried, you can use whatever surface finishing methods you’d like, such as grinding, polishing, or putting in a sealant.
Applications of VDF Flooring
Vacuum-dewatered flooring is frequently utilised in industrial settings such as factories, warehouses and other places where a sturdy, long-lasting floor is needed.
In parking garages: This method can be used to create floors that are level and smooth, hence lowering the danger of accidents and vehicle damage.
Retail settings: Vacuum dewatered flooring can be utilised to create a long-lasting, aesthetically pleasing floor that can endure high foot traffic in retail spaces like shops and malls.
Residential contexts: This method can also be used to construct long-lasting, low-maintenance floors in residential environments, including homes and flats.
Public areas: To generate a strong and secure floor surface, vacuum-dewatered flooring is frequently utilised in public areas including schools, hospitals, and government buildings.
Advantages of VDF Flooring
Faster construction: VDF eliminates surplus water from the surface of the concrete more quickly than conventional techniques, allowing for a quicker construction process. It implies that the concrete will be completed and usable sooner.
Better surface finish: The concrete slab has a smoother, more even finish as a result of the vacuum system’s removal of extra water from the surface of the concrete. For flooring applications where a smooth surface is sought, it could be essential.
Reduced cracking: VDF can lessen the likelihood that the concrete slab will develop cracks. This is so that shrinkage fractures can be avoided. The vacuum system eliminates extra water from the slab’s surface.
Increased toughness: VDF can produce a concrete slab that is more resistant to freeze-thaw damage because the vacuum system eliminates extra water from the slab’s surface.
Strengthening: Concrete can attain its ultimate strength more rapidly by draining excess water from it.
Energy efficiency: Because VDF uses a vacuum system to remove extra water from the slab’s surface rather than using heat or drying fans, it may be more energy efficient than conventional techniques.
Disadvantages of VDF Flooring
Cost: Vacuum dewatered flooring might be more expensive to install than other options due to the high cost of the equipment and supplies required.
Limited thickness: Vacuum dewatering tends to generate flooring that is just three to four inches thick, which is relatively thin. For some applications, such as those where significant loads will be placed on the floor, more may be needed.
Complexity: Installation of vacuum-dewatered flooring can be a difficult task that calls for particular tools and skilled labour. It could be challenging for homeowners to install this flooring on their own.
Limited design options: Compared to other flooring types like tile or hardwood, vacuum-dewatered flooring may have fewer design alternatives.
Risk of damage: Variations in humidity and temperature can have an impact on the finished floor’s quality throughout the Hoover dewatering process. The process can harm the flooring if it is not carefully managed.
Maintenance: To protect the surface and preserve its beauty, vacuum-dewatered flooring may need more regular sealing and waxing than other flooring types do.