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Types of Paint used in Building Construction

What makes Painting significant? 

  • It is fairly obvious that painting enhances a structure’s aesthetic appeal. In reality, painting is among the most crucial components of any renovation project. Paints offer a number of uses and applications for painting professionals in addition to enhancing the overall appearance.
  • The kind of paint you choose can significantly affect the nature of your space. There are various factors to take into account before choosing a paint type.
  • Painting helps in protection for the surface from environmental hazards like rain, sun, and insects.
  • It is simpler to keep professionally painted surfaces safe and clean.
  • Helps in enhancing the surface’s resilience and waterproofing. 


  • Application easiness
  • an appropriate drying time
  • Fabrication of a thin, non-cracking film
  • construction of a durable covering
  • Its performance shouldn’t be impacted by the weather.
  • Users won’t suffer any harm.

Types of Paint

Below, we’ve included a few easily accessible paint types for you to consider.

Oil Paint:

Primer, undercoat, and finish coats are usually used when applying this kind of paint, which has a white lead base. Both a glossy and a matte finish are offered for this paint. Given its durability, affordability, ease of use, and ease of cleanup, oil paint is a preferred option. On walls, doors, windows, and metal objects, this paint is frequently used. They also have substantial disadvantages despite their many benefits. Oil paint requires more time to completely cure and performs poorly in humid settings.

Enamel Paint:

Normally, lead or zinc are added straight to the varnish to create this sort of paint. It will receive the addition of pigments to create a variety of hues. Studies have revealed that enamel paints create tougher, glossier coats that are incredibly simple to clean. The paint also has excellent colour retention and coverage and is chemically resistant and waterproof. The use of this paint requires close supervision from subcontractors.

Windows, stairways, interior and exterior walls, wood trim, flooring, and doors are some of the most common places enamel paints are used, as well as surfaces including plaster, metal, wicker, glass, and stone.

Enamel paint’s two main flaws are the requirement for titanium coating and the prolonged drying time before use.

Emulsion Paint:

An incomplete mixing of two liquids is referred to as an emulsion. You can see the layer of oil in the water when, for instance, oil and water combine to produce an emulsion.

Most emulsion paints add and spread pigment, binders, and additives primarily by the use of water.

Paints use binders, which are polymers to create a continuous film. Epoxy, acrylic, resin, and alkyd resins are among the binders used in the creation of paintings. Emulsion paints may be applied on both indoor and outdoor surfaces.

Cement-based Paint:

Cement can offer the best durability and hardness when it is the primary component of paint. For both indoor and outdoor walls, these paints are a better option. With this kind of paint, special natural oils or counts are no longer required.

Also, because it helps lessen dirt accumulation and minimise water penetration, it might be a great option for an exterior surface. For a concrete wall building, whether it be inside or outside, cement paint might be one of the better solutions.

Bituminous Paint:

This kind of paint gets its unique black colour from tar or asphalt that has been dissolved in it. Although it is waterproof and acid-proof, it shouldn’t be utilised in situations where it will be exposed to sunlight since it degrades. Bituminous paint is typically seen on underwater ironworks, concrete foundations, wood surfaces, and iron pipes. Moreover, it contributes to corrosion resistance when applied to metals.

Water-based Paint:

Due to its simplicity of use, water-based paint now makes up the majority of wall paint sold. Be cautious when switching to water-based paint if your surface has previously been covered with an oil-based solution because it might not adhere properly.

In this situation, you may stop the fresh layer from flaking by washing the surface and then roughening it all over with medium- to smooth-grain sandpaper.

When an oil-based paint would generally be used but you prefer a water-based alternative, many companies have created waterborne enamels or alkyds. These paints resemble oil paints in both appearance and performance.

Aluminium Paint:

Aluminum granules and oil varnish are mixed together to create this paint. It is resistant to weather, electricity, and corrosion. Aluminium paint is frequently used on metals and wood, with particular use for water pipes, radiators, gas tanks, and oil tanks.

Anti-corrosive Paint:

As implied by its name, this paint is typically recognised for its exceptional chemical resistance. It is produced using zinc chrome, fine sand, and linseed oil. This kind of paint is usually applied on pipes and other metallic surfaces. By reducing the amount of water and air that may directly contact the metal, this paint can stop corrosion. The coatings serve as a barrier, preventing chemical compounds and corrosive substances from coming into touch.

Cellulose Paint:

Usually, to manufacture this paint, celluloid sheets, photographic films, and amyl acetate are utilised. The surfaces could be easily cleaned, and castor oil may be used to encourage adhesion. Once the paint has dried, you can wash it. This kind of paint stands out for its quick drying time, high hardness, smoother surface, and resistance to acids, water, and smoke. The best areas to apply cellulose paint are in vehicles and aircraft. The expense of this paint has turned out to be its biggest drawback. Nevertheless, making an investment is worthwhile.

Plastic Paint:

This type of paint typically contains water as a thinner, and it is available in a variety of colours. It covers a lot of ground and dries quickly. The slabs, ceilings, and walls of exhibit halls, auditoriums, showrooms, and other such structures and decks are some of the most common surfaces painted with plastic.


You should spend money on the appropriate kind of paint if you don’t want to cut corners and want to get your money’s worth. Unquestionably, you should hire a professional painter.

Every type of paint has been developed especially for a range of functions. Choosing high-quality paint can ultimately save project costs while consistently improving performance, which is another crucial realisation.

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